These items represent our Medieval Maguire History section of the Fermanagh 100
1. High Cross, Devenish Island
The Devenish cross is amde of illstone grit and is in the upper graveyard of the priory. It dates to the mid-15th century and is in a gothic style. The cross is thought to have been carved by Matthew O'Dubegan who also carved the sacristy doorway. The cross has decorative carvings and motifs including a depiction of the crucifixtion on the upper part of the cross shaft.
Commissioned Researcher: Jenifer Ni Ghradaigh ©Fermanagh County Museum
2. Annals of Ulster by Cathal MacManus Maguire
Bodelian Library Rawlinson
Copy in Trinity College Library
The Annals of Ulster are a chronicle of medieval Irish history, arranged as individual annual entries – hence the name ‘annals’. The Annals were compiled in Fermanagh in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries under the patronage of the Maguires, lords of Fermanagh. They contain short entries in chronological sequence on key people and events in Irish history from the fifth to the sixteenth century.
Commissioned Researcher: Dr Bernadette Cunnigham
3. Illustrated Siege Map of Enniskillen by John Thomas c. 1594
The Siege Map of Enniskillen was created by John Thomas c. 1594. It depicts the siege at Enniskillen castle where the Crown commander, Captain John Dowdall, stands openly in the centre of the action directing the siege in the face of his enemy. No living Gaelic defenders are depicted in the illustration conveying the message that rebelling against the crown results in death.
Commissioned Researcher: Paul Logue
C13343-69 © The British Library Board , Cotton Augustus I. ii. 39
4. Dunvegan Cup
Dunvegan Castle, Isle of Skye
The Dunvegan Cup is a metal mounted wooden cup. An inscription on the cup dates it to 1493, being made for katherine O'Neil, wife of John Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh. The cup links the O'Neil and Maguire families and also shows the links between Ireland and Scotland. One distinct feature of the cup is that it's legs are anthropomorphised, depicted legs with shoes.
5. Pewter Bottle from Inishmacsaint Graveyard
Armagh County Museum NMNI
This bottle or cruet is made from pewter which is a metal alloy consisting of roughly 4% lead, with the remainder being largely tin. The cruet is registered as having been ‘found many years since in the old burial ground of Ennismacsaint on one of the islands of Lough Erne, county Fermanagh’. It is just over four inches high, flat-based, with a globular body, with two small handles. Originally it would, have had a cap or lid which is indicated by the screw marks on the neck. Dating has been given as the 16th century.
Commissioned Researcher: Dr Peter Harbison
ARMCM.64.1935 ©National Museums Northern Ireland Collection Armagh County Museum
6. Cross of Clogher
Monaghan County Museum
Copy Fermanagh County Museum
The Cross of Clogher dates to between the 12th and 14th century AD. The cross is made of oak with bronze panels riveted on to it. The panels are decorated with Christian symbols including a depiction of the crucifixtion and religious figures. The cross came from Slawin church and was then subsequently displayed at St Macartin's college, before it was given on loan to Monaghan County Museum.
Commissioned Researcher: Danielle Wilson Higgins
7. Carved Stone from Gothic Window, Inishkeen Island
Fermanagh County Museum
This carved window from the church at Inishkeen Island depicts the legend about St James of Compostela. The window is in the Gothic style and there is a carving with a scallop design which is the symbol of the apostle and martyr, St James the Greater, on it's left side and on the right standing in the prow of a boat is a curly headed angel (identified by large wings), wearing a ring-like ornament hanging from a broad neck band. The medieval church that the window was part of dates to the 15th century.
Commissioned Researcher: Helen Lanigan Wood
Det Kondelige Bibliotek Copenhagen
The Duanaire Mheig Ghuidir is a poembook that was written in the Many of the poems composed by professional poets in honour of Cú Chonnacht Mág Uidhir were written down. Cú Chonnacht Mág Uidhir (Maguire) (d.1589) was a leading Gaelic lord in late sixteenth-century Ulster. Some 24 compositions have survived to the present time in a vellum manuscript now in the Royal Library in Copenhagen.
Commissioned Researcher: Dr Bernadette Cunnigham
9. The Flight of the Earls by Tadhg Ó Cianáin
University College Dublin
This manuscript which was compiled by Tadhg Ó Cianáin tells the story of the Flight of the Earls. It depicts the more mondane aspects of this infamous event including what they ate, what they drank and what villages and towns they stopped at. Ó Cianáin was a member of a Irish learned family who were originally erenaghs of the parish of Cleenish, Lough Erne, but who had served for several centuries as historians to Mag Uidir of Fear Manach (Fermanagh)
Commissioned Researcher: Dr Hiram Morgan
10. Domhnach Airgid
National Museum of Ireland
The Domhnach Airgid is a reliquary that was made to hold a small book or manuscript. The oldest part of the shrine is thought to date to the 8th century with the later metal detailing being added in the 14th century. The shrines depicts various saints surrounding a central crucifixtion figure. The name of the shrine translates as silver church which indicates it significance at that time.
Commissioned Researcher: Paul Mullarkey